Fissure seen in ano..... What is the reason???

Asked by: Bhabani Shankar
Asked At: 12mo ago
Rini Dixit Expert Answer
Answered: 12mo ago
An anal fissure (fissure-in-ano) is a small, oval shaped tear in skin that lines the opening of the anus. This commonly happens because of hard stools during bowel clearance. Causes - Chronic constipation Straining to have a bowel movement, especially if the stool is large, hard or dry Prolonged diarrhoea , Insertion of foreign objects into the anus,  Longstanding , poor bowel habits,  Overly tight or spastic anal sphincter muscles (muscles that control the closing of the anus) , Scarring in the anorectal area Eating a low-fiber diet Presence of an underlying medical problem: such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis; anal cancer; leukemia; infectious diseases (such as tuberculosis); and sexually transmitted diseases (such as syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, chancroid, HIV) Decreased blood flow to the anorectal area. Signs and Symptoms Pain during bowel movement Pain after bowel movement lasts up to several hours. Bright red colour on the stool or toilet paper after a bowel movement. Itching or irritation in your anal region A visible crack on the skin around the anus. A small lump or skin tag on the skin near the anal fissure. Constipation.