The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.
Diseases affecting the urinary tract and kidneys are broadly termed as Mutra Vaha Srota Roga in Ayurveda. Generally, the diseases affecting the bladder and urethra are known as Mutraghata. There are three elements in Ayurveda: Vata, Pitta and Kapha which can affect the body including urinary functions when imbalanced.