Renal calculi


Overview

Renal calculi, also called Kidney stones, Nephrolithiasis or Urolithiasis are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. Kidney stones range in size from very small to as large as a ping pong ball. 

About 5% of people develop a kidney stone in their lifetime.

Symptoms

  1. Urinating less amount
  2. Chills
  3. Vomiting
  4. Nausea
  5. Cloudy urine
  6. Severe pain below the ribs in the side and back (flank pain)
  7. Lower abdomen pain radiating to groin
  8. Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
  9. Red to Pink colour urine
  10. Foul smelling urine
  11. Painful urination
  12. Fever
  13. Frequent urination
  14. Urgent need to urinate

According to Ayurveda, there are three elements present in our body : vata, pitta and kapha which should be in balance. Imbalance in the elements causes kidney stones as kidneys regulate levels of fluid, minerals, salts, and other substances in the body.

Causes

Predisposing factors.

  • Dehydration
  • Family history 
  • Genetics
  • Due to sedentary lifestyle
  • Heavy exercise
  • Strong medicines
  • Excess walking
  • Riding vehicles
  • Loss of sleep
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Resistance in the urine elimination
  • Improper body detoxification
  • Diets like excess of spicy,salty, pungent, acidic, sour, alkaline nature food
  • Non vegetarian diet
  • Eating food in indigestion or when the previous meal isn't digested
  • Incompatible food
  • Eating in stress
  • Taking an excessive amount of diet
  • Alcohol, smoking,  etc

Treatment

Treatment protocol aims at:

  1. Reduce the size of stones and flush out the small sized stone through urine.
  2. Reduce pain and inflammation associated with stones.
  3. Regular intake of supplements help in preventing further occurrence of renal calculi.

The first line of treatment should always be avoiding the causative factors. If the problem persists then consider the following treatment protocol: 

Kidney stones cause bleeding by irritating the lining of the blood vessels in the kidney or bladder. A stone can cause obstruction of the ureter, causing urine to back up into the kidney leading to Red urine, painful and Urine problems

Chills and Fever result if bleeding and tissue are not healed leading to infection. 

This can cause decreases in the filtration rate of the affected kidney and increase renal excretion of the unaffected kidney as well as very severe, excruciating Pain.

Nausea and vomiting happened because of shared nerve connections between the kidneys and GI tract

  •  Gokshura, Varuna, Apamarga kshara, Shankha Vati, Pashanabheda are helped to reduce the size of stones
  • Gokshura, Kokilaksha also helps to improve the urine flow, effective in pain and urination problems
  • Chandraprabha Vati, Varuna and Gokshuradi guggulu are effective in reducing the pain associated with kidney stones
  • Kusa, Kasa and Nala help to clear the urine.

*If abdomen pain is sudden, rapidly intensifying and unbearable seek immediate care.

Herbs

 Gokshura, Varuna, Apamarga kshara, Shankhavati, Pashanabheda , Kokilaksha, Chandraprabha vati, Varuna , Gokshuradi guggulu, Kusa, Kasa, Nala.


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