Nagakesara - stamen with medicinal uses, dosage and contraindication


Nagakesara is a popular drug which is a tree of tropical Asia.The real Nagakesara is called Mesua ferrea Linn. It belongs to the family Guttifereae. Kesara in Sanskrit means pollen. 

So stamens, pollens or the whole flower of this tree is to be used in medicine. 

As there is scarcity and unavailability of Nagkesara, also due to lack of awareness; instead of Nagkesara, the Substitutes like Surpunnag, Punnag, Tamala patra are used commonly.

Nagakesara helps in digesting the undigested food, cures fever, itching, thirst, excess perspiration, vomiting, nausea, bad smell, skin diseases, herpes, diseases of Kapha, Pitta and alleviates Visha.

Herb - Nagakesara

Ayurvedic Actions

Rasa (Taste)Katu, Tikta, Kasaya
Virya (Energy)Hot
Vipak (Post-digestive effect)Katu
Guna (Quality)Light, Dry,Sharp
KarmaDigestive, complexion improving, Constipating.

Health benefits

Menstrual Health.

Astringent properties in nagakesara helps to manage the heavy bleeding and leucorrhoea.

Bleeding Piles

Because of an unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle  digestive fire gets weakened and that leads to constipation. This causes swelling in the veins in the rectum area leading to piles of mass. Sometimes bleeding can also occur in this condition. 

Hot properties in nagakesara helps to balance the digestive fire and alleviate constipation. And the bleeding gets stopped because of astringent properties in nagakesara.

Fever

Nagakesara  helps to reduce fever and its symptoms. Fever is a condition in which there is an excess accumulation of toxins (Ama) in the body due to low digestive fire. Nagakesara helps to reduce the toxins due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties.

Pain and Inflammation

Chemical constituents present in nagakesara have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. These constituents inhibit the activity of pain and inflammation causing chemicals like histamine, prostaglandin etc.

Wound healing

Tannins from the M. ferrea have promising wound healing activity. Increased epithelialization and wound contraction were proposed to be the possible mechanisms responsible for the wound healing activity of aerial parts. Antiulcer activity Xanthones obtained from M. ferrea prevents ulceration.  So nagkesar helps to maintain the natural health of the skin.

Dosage and side effects (only after consultation with an ayurvedic doctor)

Useful part - Stamens

  • Nagakesar Powder - ¼ - ½ teaspoon.
  • Contraindicated -  Breastfeeding and Pregnancy. Not enough scientific evidence is available on the use of Nagakesar In these conditions.

References

  1. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/d6fd/a23ba3b7fed08961c0b982803f3dab9af6a4.pdf
  2. https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/174/160
  3. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1.Volume 1

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