Hypothyroid - more common in women than men.
Can be congenital or can be due to an under active thyroid gland, causative factors include -
Hypothyroid affects skin, hair, menstrual cycle, can lead to infertility, fatigue, depression and weight gain
Proper lifestyle changes, medications, yoga, meditation and ayurvedic treatments are ways to control hypothyroidism
Ways to treat hypothyroid -
Ayurvedic treatment - aims to treat the glad to balance the hormones through therapies like panchakarma and by the use of various herbs.
Lifestyle changes - healthy diet, regular exercise, yoga and meditation to manage stress
Medications and surgery as per the condition.
Diet - aim is to lose weight and balance the hormones.
Include - foods rich in iodine, iron, calcium, complex carbs, minerals like zinc and selenium.
Avoid - refined and processed foods, smoking, alcohol, fried foods and sweets
Restrict - goitrogenic foods
Thyroid diseases are, arguably, among the commonest endocrine disorders worldwide. India too, is no exception. According to a projection from various studies on thyroid disease, it has been estimated that about 42 million people in India suffer from thyroid diseases.
A bit about our thyroid gland
- Thyroid gland, being a part of the endocrine system, is the only gland that absorbs iodine from food that we eat and uses it to make two hormones (T3 and T4).
- The crucial function of T3 (Triiodothyronine) and T4 (Thyroxine) is to break down calories, produce energy and boosts metabolism when released into the bloodstream.
- And it is important, two of the above shouldn’t be either too low or either too high.Above all, two glands in our brain -the hypothalamus and pituitary works a major role in maintaining the balance of T3 and T4.
- The hypothalamus produces TSH Releasing Hormone (TRH) that signals the pituitary to tell the thyroid gland to produce more or less of T3 and T4 by either increasing or decreasing the release of a hormone called thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH).