Rasona (Allium sativum Linn.) commonly known as ‘garlic’ has been used safely since ancient times as both food and medicine. In Ayurveda the garlic is considered as ‘Rasayana’, an important class of drugs reputed to promote health & longevity and therefore, it can be used for prevention as well as for the management of different disorders.
It is a rich source of several phytochemicals and recognized to have significant & wide range of biological activities. The active constituent of garlic includes several sulphur containing compounds (principally thiosulfinate) which are rapidly absorbed, transformed and metabolized.
|Rasa (Taste)||Madhur, Lavana,Katu, Tikta and Kashaya|
|Vipak (Post-digestive effect)||Katu|
|Guna (Quality)||Heavy , unctuous, Tikshana, Pichila, Sara|
|Doshic Effect||Balances K - V, Increase - P|
Garlic helps to manage high cholesterol by reducing the synthesis of cholesterol in the liver. It decreases the level of bad cholesterol and increases the level of good cholesterol.
Garlic is used to manage high blood pressure. Garlic has anti-hypertensive and antioxidant properties. It helps to control lipid levels and prevents damage caused by free radicals.
Garlic is useful to control obesity as it helps improve metabolism and reduce toxic load. This is due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties. It balances fat tissue and thus reduces obesity.
Studies have shown that garlic helps stimulate digestion and really reduces that bloating feeling. If you also struggle with gas, garlic is also an antiviral and antifungal food, meaning it can help the body break down food easier.
Garlic is considered to be beneficial for the skin due to its antibacterial and antiviral properties. It prevents the growth of bacteria and protects skin from getting attacked by infectious agents. Garlic is beneficial for the skin due to its Varnya (improves complexion ) and Rasayana (rejuvenation) properties. These properties help to improve natural complexion, rejuvenate the skin and provide healthy glowing skin.
Garlic improves the immune system due to the presence of certain constituents, such as alliin, which help fight against infection-causing agents. These constituents stimulate the response of white blood cells when attacked by viruses thereby boosting the immune system.
Dosage and side effects (only after consultation with an ayurvedic doctor)
Dose of garlic is determined depending upon part or forms used. Dose of some common forms are as follows .
Bolus of Kand (Bulb): 3 – 6 gm/day
Oil of Kand (Bulb) : 1 – 2 drops/day
Enteric coated tablets of garlic powder : 600-800 mg/day
Contraindications and side effect
- Should not be used by patients on oral anticoagulant and or antiplatelet therapy.
- Breast feeding mother (it can pass into breast milk and cause colic in infants).
- Pregnant women (being Ushna and Tikshna, it may cause uterine contraction followed by bleeding).
- Pitta Prakrati individual.
- Allergic reactions and contact dermatitis, jaundice, diarrhoea, acute exacerbation of Shwas Roga (asthma), following therapeutic emesis, therapeutic purgation, therapeutic enema.
- P.V. Sharma, dravyaguna vigyan, reprint, Chaukhambha bharti academy, Varanasi, 2003, 72.
- The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
- Goswami S,Verma RK, Tripathi P, et al. A review on Hypoglycemic, Hypolipidemic and Anti-obesity effect of Allium sativum.Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences.2015; 7(4):321.
- Pareek S, Dixit M, Govil S, et al.Garlic and its role in arthritis management. Elsevier.2019