Fistula in Ano


Overview

An anal fistula is an infected tunnel between the skin and the anus. Most anal fistulas are the result of an infection in an anal gland that spreads to the skin. One opening of the fistula (Internal opening) is inside the anus (or rectum) and another opening ( External opening) is on the skin surface around the anus. A tube-like structure (Fistula tract) connects them.

Symptoms

  1. Frequent anal abscesses .
  2. Pain and swelling around the anus .
  3. Bloody or foul-smelling drainage (pus) from an opening around the anus. The pain may decrease after the fistula drains. 
  4. Irritation of the skin around the anus from drainage.
  5. Pain with bowel movements .
  6. Fever, chills and a general feeling of fatigue .

Causes

  1. Hot and salty  spicy foods.
  2. Excessive intake of meat food.
  3. Sitting in one place for a long  hrs.
  4. Eating a low-fiber diet.
  5. Presence of an underlying medical problem: such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis; anal cancer; leukemia; infectious diseases (such as tuberculosis); and sexually transmitted diseases (such as syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, chancroid, HIV).

According to ayurveda there are three biological elements/doshas in our body; vata, pitta and kapha which should be in balance. When a person indulge in Unhealthy food and habits, Vata get aggravated & localized in anal canal, affecting the anal canal by creating a track which leads to discharge of pus known as Bhagandara (Fistula in ano).

Treatment

Treatment protocol aims at :

  1. Giving relief from pain, abscess and bloody pus discharge which causes extreme discomfort  in the fistula in ano.
  2. Healing the fistula tract and prevention of complications and improving overall digestive health and peristalsis so that recurrence of fistula can be prevented.
  3. Regular intake of supplements to cure fistula in ano in the form of herbs and herbomineral preparations.

The first line of treatment should always be avoiding the causative factors. If the problem persists then consider the following treatment protocol.

 1. Pain and pus discharge, frequent anal abscesses, irritation of skin around anus - Bacteria, fecal matter or foreign material get clog around the anal canal causing inflammation and abscess resulting in pain, irritation, pus discharge, Aragvadha, Suranvatak, Amruthadi guggulu will check the infection and heals the inflammation.

2.  Heal the skin around anal canal and manage the pain with bowel movement - During bowel movement certain pressure is excreted by the anal canal .Due to inflammation of the anal canal and skin around it, this process become painful. Kamadudha and Suranvatak helps in healing especially the inflamed fistula tract and also helps to reduce the pain with bowel movement.

 3. For fever and tiredness: Inflammation and infection might result in increase in temperature and fatigue, Pravalapanchamruta should be given to treat fever and reduce body heat (Pitta).

(The above mentioned Ayurvedic drugs are Herbs and Herbomineral preparations)

Other treatments - Sitz bath, Herbal application or kshara, Cauterization, or agnikarma

 

Herbs

Triphala, Surana, Aragvadha, Balharitaki, Nagakesara, Amruthadi guggulu, Kamadudha, Suranvatak, Pravalapanchamrutha

When to see a doctor?

If you are experiencing any of the above signs and symptoms related to Fistula, visit a doctor


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