Dry eye syndrome


Overview

Dry eye is a condition in which a person doesn't have enough quality tears to lubricate and nourish the eye.Tears are a complex mixture of water, fatty oils and mucus. This mixture helps make the surface of your eyes smooth and clear, and it helps protect your eyes from infection.

Symptoms

Dry eyes are caused by a lack of adequate tears. It causes inflammation in the outer layer of the cornea, the tears, the conjunctiva, and the margin of the eyelids.

  • Dry eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Redness of eyes
  • Burning eyes
  • Eyes discomfort
  • Fatigue eyes
  • Stringy mucus in the eyes
  • Foreign sensation in the eye
  • Inflammation of the eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Eyes irritation

Causes

This can happen either due to tear deficiency or excessive tear evaporation; 

  • Decreased tear production

Main causes are.

  • Aging
  • Certain medical conditions, including diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, Sjogren's syndrome, thyroid disorders and vitamin A deficiency
  • Certain medications, including antihistamines, decongestants, hormone replacement therapy, antidepressants, and drugs for high blood pressure, acne, birth control and Parkinson's disease
  • Laser eye surgery, though symptoms of dry eyes related to this procedure are usually temporary
  • Tear gland damage from inflammation or radiation
  • Increased tear evaporation

Main causes are

  • Common causes of increased tear evaporation include:
  • Wind, smoke or dry air
  • Blinking less often, which tends to occur when you're concentrating, for example, while reading, driving or working at a computer
  • Eyelid problems, such as out-turning of the lids (ectropion) and in-turning of the lids (entropion)
  • Imbalance in tear composition

According to Ayurveda, there are three elements present in our body : vata pitta and kapha which should be in balance. Dry eye can be correlated with a condition named Sushka akshi paka which occurs due to imbalance in vata and pitta.

Treatment

Treatment protocol aims at:

  1. Reduce the dryness in the eye
  2. Maintain normal tear production
  3. Prevent recurrence of disease and strengthening vision

In Dry eye syndrome, eyes don’t produce enough tears or you aren’t able to maintain a normal layer of tears to coat your eyes. As a result,  eyes cannot eliminate dust and other irritants. This can lead to stinging, burning, pain, redness.

  • Avipattikar churna, Guduchi, Lodhra will help to normalise vitiated doshas and helps to maintain the normal tear production in the eyes. Amalaki, Haritaki, Bibhitaki, Triphala guggulu, Suvarna makshika are helpful in strengthening the vision and reducing other complications.

(The above mentioned Ayurvedic drugs are Herbs and Herbomineral preparations)

Other therapies: Snehapana - To reduce the dryness in the body (administration of medicated ghee), Virechana (purgation therapy), Tharpana - (Holding medicated ghee in the eyes), Putapaka (holding medicated herbal juices in the eye), Ashchothana- Pouring medicated liquid drops in the eyes.

Highly recommended the usage of moisturising eye drops along with internal medicine for proper relief from the symptoms .

Herbs

Avipattikar churna, Guduchi, Lodhra, Amalaki, Haritaki, Bibhitaki, Triphala guggulu, Suvarna makshika


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