Major arteries that supply blood, oxygen and nutrients to the heart get damaged leading to CAD
More common in men after 45 yrs and in women after 55 yrs.
Many risk factors that lead to CAD -
Many diagnostic tools are available to find out the cause of CAD and extent of its progression.
CAD can be asymptomatic with no apparent symptoms. In severe cases, some may experience chest discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, pain in the left jaw/shoulder.
Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are the number 1 cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause. An estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2016, representing 31% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% are due to heart attack and stroke.
In this article we will be talking about Coronary Artery Disease, its aetiology, symptoms, treatments, supportive treatments, prevention.
What is Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)?
Coronary artery disease develops when the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients (coronary arteries) become damaged or diseased. Cholesterol-containing deposits (plaque) in your arteries and inflammation are usually to blame for coronary artery disease.
When plaque builds up, it narrows your coronary arteries, decreasing blood flow to your heart. Eventually, the decreased blood flow may cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, or other coronary artery disease signs and symptoms. A complete blockage can cause a heart attack.
Because coronary artery disease often develops over decades, you might not notice a problem until you have a significant blockage or a heart attack. But there's plenty you can do to prevent and treat coronary artery disease. A healthy lifestyle can make a big impact.